AMA’s Alcohol Information and Statistics
by David J. Hanson, Ph.D.
Although it’s a professional medical organization, the American Medical Association (AMA) is also a major political organization. In its efforts to influence public policy, the AMA plays fast and loose with facts.
100,000 Beer Commercials
In reality, not a single study has ever shown that young people typically see 100,000 beer commercials before reaching age 18. No such study exists. The AMA has gullibly presented an urban myth as fact. Most professionals in the field of addictions have long known that this statistic is a pure fabrication... a figment of imagination that has absolutely no basis in fact. 2 But even if no one at the AMA was aware of this common knowledge, simple common sense should have suggested to anyone of even average intelligence its implausibility.
Assuming that even newborns watch television and can understand the content of ads, there are about 6,205 days between birth and the 18th birthday. To see 100,000 beer commercials during that period, the person would have to see over 16 beer commercials each and every day on average. That fact should have caused the AMA to try to verify the veracity of its assertion, which it clearly never did.
An undergraduate student who conducted an Internet survey to estimate teen use of alcohol would probably receive a very low, if not a failing grade. That’s because the Internet survey would necessarily be completely unscientific and violate the most basic principles of legitimate survey research. Therefore, the results would be unreliable and misleading.
Established research ethics require that the results of an Internet survey be clearly identified as unscientific in order to alert and protect the public. However, the AMA failed to disclose in its press release the unscientific nature of its widely publicized reports suggesting that most flavored malt beverage (so-called “alcopops”) is consumed by teenagers and other questionable “findings.” 3 Not surprisingly, its findings are highly inconsistent with federal and other research on the subject.
The AMA also uncritically passes off flawed and debunked “studies” by the Center on Alcohol Marketing and Youth (CAMY), which is an activist, not a scientific operation. 4
“Marketing to Underage People”
The AMA also asserts, without any evidence whatsoever, that alcopops are aggressively marketed to underage people. It insists that “parents should be outraged” that these beverages “clearly target” underage persons. 5 That’s strong language.
However, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) has thoroughly investigated that charge several times in recent years. It has carefully examined internal company documents, product placement in stores across the country, data presented by alcohol activist groups, and much other evidence.
In each and every case the FTC has found no evidence of industry targeting of those who are underage. It has found, however, that the majority of those who consume the flavored drinks in question are over age 27. 6
“Alcohol Advertising Causes Drinking Problems”
An AMA headline shouts: “Break needed from alcohol ads: Alcohol advertising is one of the major culprits” causing alcohol abuse...” 7 The AMA repeatedly insists that alcohol ads cause people to drink and to abuse alcohol. However, decades of scientific research conduced by governments, health agencies and universities around the world belie the Association’s claim.
Successful alcohol advertisers increase their market share, which they acquire at the expense of less successful advertisers, who lose market share. 8
Alcohol advertising doesn’t increase overall alcohol beverage sales, stimulate alcohol abuse, or induce non-drinkers to become drinkers. However, that doesn’t stop the AMA from making its baseless charges.
Currently, the AMA is calling for voluntary bans on alcohol beverage ads. However, its long-term goal is for the imposition of a ban on all virtually alcohol advertising. “The Association has long had a policy calling for a ban on all alcohol advertising outside of liquor stores and bars. ‘The AMA still wants a ban, but you have to get half-way to your destination before you complete the trip,’ said Dr. Scotti” of the AMA. 9
A major obstacle to the AMA’s goal of censorship is the First Amendment of the United States Constitution and its guarantee of free speech.
Underage Drinking “Epidemic”
The AMA repeatedly refers to an “epidemic“ of underage drinking. 10 But in reality alcohol consumption by young people continues to drop. For example, among those age 12-17, about half were regular drinkers in 1979; today fewer than one in five are, according to federal surveys. 11
The proportion of high school seniors who have ever consumed alcohol is down. 12
The proportion of high school seniors who have consumed alcohol within previous year is down. 13
The proportion of high school seniors who have consumed alcohol within previous 30 days is down. 14
The proportion of high school seniors who have recently consumed alcohol daily is down. 15
The proportion of high school seniors who have consumed 5 or more drinks on an occasion within previous two weeks is down. 16
Similarly, the proportion of entering college freshmen last year who drank fell to the lowest level in the 38-year history of the American College Freshman survey conducted annually by UCLA and the American Council on Education. 17
AMA Office of Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse
The AMA describes its Office of Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse as “a national program office of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.” 18 Not only did the temperance-oriented Robert Wood Johnson Foundation establish the AMA’s office with an initial $5 million dollar grant but also it has poured many millions of dollars more into funding its activities. 19
One of the Office’s activities has been to give ten universities $9 million to implement neo-prohibitionist practices on their campuses. Although a comprehensive evaluation of the program by one of its boosters found that the program is completely ineffective in reducing either alcohol consumption or alcohol abuse, the AMA continues to promote the program as if it were actually effective.
The AMA has virtually ignored the widespread steroid use and other drug abuse so common in many sports but repeatedly attacks NASCAR for permitting distillers to advertise or sponsor racecars.
NASCAR has for decades permitted beer and wine advertisements and sponsorships. Attacking NASCAR’s logical decision not to discriminate against distilled spirits is irrational. Standard drinks of beer, wine and distilled spirits contain equivalent amounts of alcohol -- about six-tents of an ounce. 20 A standard drink is:
- A 12-ounce bottle or can of regular beer
- A 5-ounce glass of wine
- A one and 1/2 ounce of 80 proof distilled spirits (either straight or in a mixed drink)
Alcohol is alcohol and a drink is a drink is a drink. They’re all the same to a Breathalyzer and they should be to the AMA as well.
The United States is experiencing a health care crisis. Millions of Americans can’t afford medical care, medical insurance costs are skyrocketing and AIDS has not been conquered. As sports columnist Mark DeCotis says
Perhaps the AMA should refocus its concern on the myriad of other problems affecting Americans that it, as the main voice for physicians in this country, can control, such as affordable health care. 21