Category: Longevity

Moderate drinkers tend to live longer than those who either abstain or drink heavily.

All-Cause Mortality Risk and Drinking Alcohol

All-cause mortality or death is reduced by drinking alcohol in moderation. That is, moderate alcohol consumption increases longevity or length of life. It does that largely by improving health and reducing the risk of major causes of death. For example, moderately drinking alcohol reduces risk of death from cardiovascular diseases by almost half. And these […]

Moderate Drinking: Abstainers Try It for Better Health?

The fact that drinking alcohol  in moderation leads to better health and longer life has long been well established. The alcohol can be beer, wine or distilled spirits. Not only are the associations between moderate drinking and good health very strong, but many of the of the specific ways in which such drinking leads to better […]

Should Older People Drink Less Alcohol or More Alcohol?

Should older people drink alcohol less often? Should they drink less volume? Some writers urge that older people drink less alcohol. They think it would “protect their bodies and minds.”   But Dr. Erik Skovenborg says people don’t develop low alcohol tolerance when they turn 65. That idea” is a myth made up of plain ignorance, ageism […]

Risk of Cognitive Impairment Up by Drinking Less

Risk of cognitive impairment went up when drinking went down among older women. This study followed 1,309 women age 65 or older for twenty years. Alcohol consumption was assessed periodically by personal visits for 16 years. At the end of 20 years, significant cognitive impairment, including dementia, was measured. Some women cut their alcohol consumption […]

All-Cause Mortality Risk and Drinking Alcohol

All-Cause Mortality Risk Is all-cause mortality risk increased or decreased by drinking alcohol? Does it depend on how much alcohol is consumed? On whether it’s beer, wine, or distilled spirits liquors such as Scotch, bourbon, rye, tequila, rum or gin? Focusing on all-cause mortality risk is logical. Many people are more concerned with how long […]

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Readings on Alcohol and Longevity

  • Berger, K., et al. Light-to-moderate alcohol consumption and risk of Stroke among US male physicians. New England Journal of Medicine, 1999, 341(21), 1557-1564.
  • Blackwelder, W. C., et al. Alcohol and mortality. The Honolulu Heart Study. American Journal of Medicine, 1980, 68(2), 164-169.
  • Boffetta, P., and Garefinkel, L. Alcohol drinking among men enrolled in an American Cancer Society prospective study. Epidemiology, 1990, 1(5), 42-48.
  • Brenner, H., et al. The association between alcohol consumption and all-cause mortality in a cohort of male employees in the German construction industry, International Journal of Epidemiology, 1997, 26, 85-91.
  • Britton, A., and McPherson, K. Mortality in England and Wales attributable to current alcohol consumption. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 2001, 55(6), 383-388.
  • Cabot, R.C. the relation of alcohol to arterioscleroisis, Journal of the American Medical Association, 1904, 43, 774-775.
  • Calcoya, M., et al. Alcohol and Stroke: a community case control study in Asturias, Spain. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 1999, 52, 577-684;
  • Camargo, C. A., et al. Prospective study of moderate alcohol consumption and mortality in US male physicians. Archives of Internal Medicine, 1997, 157, 79-85.
  • Camargo, C. A., et al. Moderate alcohol consumption and the risk for angina pectoris or myocardial infarction in U.S. male physicians. Archives of Internal Medicine, 1997, 126(5).
  • Coate, D. Moderate drinking and coronary heart disease mortality: evidence from NHANES I and NHANES I follow-up. American Journal of Public Health, 1993, 83(6), 888-890.
  • Dairdron, D. M. Cardiovascular effects of alcohol. Western Journal of Medicine, 1989, 151(4), 430-439.
  • Doll, R., et al. Mortality in relation to consumption of alcohol: 13 years observations on male British doctors. British Medical Journal, 1994, 309, 911-918.
  • Ellison, R. C. Does Moderate Alcohol Consumption Prolong Life? New York: American Council on Science and Health, 1993.
  • Farchi, G., et al. Alcohol and survival in the Italian rural cohorts of the Seven Countries Study. International Journal of Epidemiology, 2000, 29, 667-671.
  • Fuchs, C. S., et al. Alcohol consumption and mortality among women. The New England Journal of Medicine, 1995, 332(19), 1245-1250.
  • Gronbaek, M., et al. Type of alcohol consumed and mortality from all causes, coronary heart disease, and cancer. Annals of Internal Medicine, 2000, 133(6), 411-419.
  • Gronbaek, M., et al. Alcohol and mortality: is there a U-shaped relation in elderly people? Age and Aging, 1998, 27(6), 739-744.
  • Gronbaek, M., et al. Influence of sex, age, body mass index, and smoking on alcohol inytake and mortality, British Medical Journal, 1994, 308, 302-306.
  • Gronbaek, M., et al. Mortality associated with moderate intakes of wine, beer, or spirits, British Medical Journal, 1995, 310, 1165-1169.
  • Hennekens, C. H. Alcohol and Risk of Coronary Events. In: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Alcohol and the Cardiovascular System. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1996.
  • Hoffmeister, H., et al. The relationship between alcohol consumption, health indicators, and mortality in the German population. International Journal of Epidemiology, 1999, 28(6), 1066-1072.
  • Keil, U, et al. The relation of alcohol intake to coronary heart disease and all-cause mortality in a beer drinking population, Epidemiology, 1997, 8(2), 150-156.
  • Klatsky, A. Alcohol and mortality: a ten year Kaiser Permanente experience, Annals of Internal Medicine, 1981, 95, 139-145.
  • LaPorte, R. E., Cresanta, J. L., and Kuller, L. H. The relationship of alcohol consumption to atherosclerotic heart disease. Preventive Medicine, 1980, 9, 22-40;
  • McCallum, J., et al. The Dubbo Study of the Health of the Elderly 1988-2002: An Epidemiological Study of Hospital and Residential Care. 1998, 9, 184-188. Sydney, NSW, Australia: The Australian Health Policy Institute, 2003.
  • Maskarinec, G., et al. Alcohol intake, body weight, and mortality in a multiethnic prospective cohort. Epidemiology, 1998, 9(6), 654-661.
  • Moore, R. D., and Pearson, T. A. Moderate alcohol consumption and coronary artery disease. Medicine, 1986, 65, 242-267.
  • Perdue, L., and Shoemaker, W. The French Paradox and Beyond. Sonoma, CA: Renaissance Publishing, 1992.
  • Renaud, S., et al. Alcohol and mortality in middle-aged men from Eastern France, Epidemiology,
  • Rimm, E., et al. Prospective study of alcohol consumption and risk of coronary disease in men. The Lancet. 1991, 338, 464-468.
  • Rimm, E., et al. Prospective study of cigarette smoking, alcohol use and the risk of diabetes in men. British Medical Journal, 1995, 310, 555-559.
  • Rimm, E., et al. Moderate alcohol intake and lower risk of coronary heart disease: meta-analysis of effects on lipids and hemostatic factors. British Medical Journal, 1999, 319, 1523-1528.
  • Rodgers, H., et al. Alcohol and Stroke: a case control study of drinking habits past and present. Stroke, 1993, 12(10), 1473-1477.
  • Truelsen, T., et al. Intake of beer, wine and spirits and risk of Stroke: the Copenhagen city heart study. Stroke, 1998, 29(12), 2468-2472.
  • Wang, L. et al. Predictors of functional change: a longitudinal study of nondemented people aged 65 and older. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 2002, 50(9), 1525-1534.
  • Willett, W. C. with the assistance of others. Eat, Drink, and Be Healthy: The Harvard Medical School Guide to Healthy Eating. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2001.
  • Yuan, J-M., et al. Follow up study of moderate alcohol intake and mortality among middle aged men in Shanghai, China. British Medical Journal, 1997, 314, 18-23.

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