Alcohol and sexual assault are often associated. Is alcohol intoxication a cause of sexual assault? In her e-mail, this young woman, a victim of sexual assault or rape, raises important questions about this very important subject. Hello Dr. Hanson, I’d like to thank you for posting Alcohol and Sexual Assault: The Connection. I’ve been working […]
Category: Women’s Health
Drinking while pregnant and its effects on the size of infants at birth has been studied in earlier research. This study examined the association between drinking while pregnant and children’s height and weight from birth to age 10. Data came from 7,597 mother-child pairs in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. The researchers […]
Drinking alcohol during pregnancy is a subject charged by very strong emotion. Some pregnant women have actually become frantic upon realizing they had inadvertently eaten salad that had wine vinegar dressing. They feared their children would be born suffering from Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS). Pregnant women who ordered wine with their dinner in restaurants have […]
Moderate drinking during pregnancy and its effects were examined among 4,496 women. They were followed throughout their pregnancies and following the birth of their children. Low to moderate drinking during the first trimester (three months) of pregnancy. This was associated with a large reduced risk of delivering an infant of low birth weight, shorter length, […]
The risk of breast cancer in African American women is slightly lower than among white women. But black women are more likely to have aggressive forms of breast cancer. They are also more likely to develop the disease at an earlier age. Therefore, the risk of breast cancer can be seen as more serious for […]
- Women Can Cut Premature Death Risk in Half by Simple Lifestyle Changes
- Older Women and Alcohol Consumption
Drinking During Pregnancy and FAS
- Premature Birth and Low Birth Weight Drinking Alcohol During Pregnancy
- Light Drinking During Pregnancy and Childrens Learning and Mental Health
- How Safe is Drinking Alcohol During Pregnancy?
- Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
- Drinking During Pregnancy
- Is Occasional Light Drinking During Pregnancy harmful?
- Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Vitamins
- Pregnant Drinking OK, Meds Say
- Drinking during Pregnancy
- Antioxidants May Protect against Birth Defects from Alcohol Abuse
- Abortions and Drinking During Pregnancy
- Drinking Alcohol During Pregnancy and Birth Defects (Including FAS)
- Light Drinking During Pregnancy May be Beneficial for Children
- Little Evidence that Occasional Binge Drinking by Pregnant Women Harms Baby
- Drinking Alcohol During Pregnancy
- Drinking Alcohol and Risk of Cervical Cancer
- Alcohol and Breast Cancer
- Folate, Alcohol, & Breast Cancer
- Breast Cancer and Folic Acid
- Moderate Drinking & Breast Cancer
- Alcohol and Breast Cancer
- Papillary Thyroid Cancer in Women
- Alcohol and Kidney Cancer in Women
Alcohol and Diabetes
- Postmenopausal Women & Diabetes
- Pre-menstrual Women & Diabetes
- Drinking Alcohol Reduces Diabetes Risk in Women
Alcohol and Heart / Circulation
- Drinking Alcohol Improves Cholesterol among Postmenopausal Women
- Alcohol and Cardiovascular Disease among Women with Hypertension
- Drinking Alcohol in Moderation Lowers Women's Risk of Heart Attack
- Women Can Cut Heart Attack Risk Up to 92% by Doing Five Simple Things
Domestic Partner / Spousal Violence
- Alcohol and Sexual Assault: The Connection
- Drinking Alcohol and Domestic Abuse
- Alcohol Linked to Partner Violence?
Alcohol and Osteoporosis
- Alcohol and Brittle Bones/Osteoporosis
- Osteoporosis Risk Reduced
- Moderate Drinking Reduces Risk of Developing Osteoporosis
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
- [Note: It has been pointed out that "given its emotive nature, the issue of risk to pregnancy has frequently been overstated. For example, US publicity material in the 1980s and early 1990s frequently quoted Clarren, a worker at the Seattle Institute of Dysmorphology, as having stated that alcohol was the third most important cause of infant handicaps. However, Clarren was referring to handicaps with known causes, which are only about 10 per cent of the total. Such problem inflation is fanned by press reports of cases of severe alcohol damage, and although scientists may dismiss isolated reports, they assume great importance in the minds of the public and consequently in the minds of policy-makers."
- The past is illuminating; "In the US no public warnings were issued until 1977. Women were then warned against consuming more than six drinks a day. At the same time, moves to display compulsory public health warnings about the dangers of alcohol to the foetus were rejected. In 1980 a national workshop was held and the following year the American Surgeon General issued a warning to pregnant women against consuming alcohol, even in food. In spite of protests, this warning was widely publicised and increased research funding for nationally co-ordinated projects on the topic provided. In New York and many other parts of the country, bars, restaurants and liquor stores are required to display a sign stating that drinking can cause birth defects. Since 1989, every container of alcoholic beverage sold in the US has had to carry a label which gives a warning that women should not drink alcohol during pregnancy because of the risks of birth defects."
- And the pressure continues: "Since the late 1980s the issue has become of increasing concern to the US legal system. Cases of physicians facing damage suits for failing to advise that alcohol could affect the foetus have been reported. Since 1987 mothers who use alcohol...during pregnancy have become subject to increasing legal controls, compulsory treatment and may even face imprisonment. If their child shows positive signs of damage they may also face charges of child abuse." (Waterson, J. Women and Alcohol in Social Context: Mother's Ruin Revisited. Hampshire, England: Palgrave, 2000, pp. 167-168. Note: internal references deleted)]
- Aase, J. M., Jones, K. L., and Clarren, S. K. Do we need the term "FAE"? Pediatrics, 95, 428-430.
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- Centers for disease Control. Update: Trends in fetal alcohol syndrome - United states, 1979-1993. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 1995, 44, 249-251.
- Centers for Disease Control. Birth certificates as a source for fetal alcohol syndrome case ascertainment - Georgia, 1989-1992. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 1995, 44, 251-253.
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- Pauker, S. P. By The Way Doctor. Harvard Women's Health Watch, June 2002, p. 7. Dr. Pauket is a member of the Harvard Women's Health Watch Advisory Board.
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- Stratton, K., Howe, C., and Battaglia, F. (Eds). Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Diagnosis, Epidemiology, Prevention, and Treatment. Washington, DC; National Academy Press, 1996.
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- Troccoli, K. B. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: The impact on children's ability to learn. National Health Education Consortium - Occasional Paper #10, 1992.
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Alcohol and Cancers
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- Bailey, L.B. Folate, methyl-related nutrients, alcohol and the MTHFR 677C -->T polymorphous affect cancer risk: intake recommendations. Journal of Nutrition, 2003, 133, 37485-37535.
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- Ewertz M. Alcohol consumption and breast cancer risk in Denmark. Cancer Causes Control. 1991; 2:247-252.
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consumption and breast cancer incidence. American Journal
of Epidemiology. 1984; 120:676-683.
Hiatt R. A., Klatsky A. L., Armstrong, M. A. Alcohol consumption and the risk of breast cancer in a prepaid health plan. Cancer Research. 1988; 48:2284-2287.
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- Wellness Facts. Wellness Letter (School of Public Health, University of California at Berkeley), 1999, 15(8), 1.
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Alcohol and Diabetes
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- Bell, D. Alcohol and the NIDDM patient, Diabetes Care, 1996, 19(5), 509-513.
- Carlsson, S., et al. Alcohol consumption and the incidence of type 2 diabetes: a 20-year follow-up of the Finnish Twin Cohort Study. Diabetes Care, 2003, 26(10), 2785-2786.
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- Facchini, F., et al. Light-to-moderate alcohol intake is associated with enhanced insulin sensitivity, Diabetes Care, 1994 (February), 17(2).
- Ford, Gene. The Science of Health Drinking. San Francisco, CA: Wine Appreciation Guild, 2004, chapter 13, Diabetes Mellitus.
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- Wei, M. et al. Alcohol intake and incidence of type 2 diabetes in men. Diabetes Care, 23(1), 2000, 18-26.
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- Alcohol linked to decreased hypertension risk in young women. Women's Health Weekly, April 4, 2002 p18.
- Cerrate, Paul L. Alcohol, CAD, and the postmenopausal woman. Contemporary OB/GYN, April 2002 v47 i4 p114.
- Walton, Diane. Alcohol cuts women's risk of heart disease. Globe & Mail (Toronto, Canada), Oct 4, 2002 p1.
Alcohol and Partner Violence
- Coleman, D. & Murray A. Straus. Alcohol Abuse and Family Violence. In E. Gottheil, (Ed.), Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Aggression. Springfield: Charles C. Thomas, 1983.
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- Frank, Phyllis B. & Gail Kadison Golden. Blaming by Naming: Battered Women and the Epidemic of Codependence. Social Work, 1992, Vol. 37, No. 1.
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- Gondolf, E.W. Alcohol Abuse, Wife Assault, and Power Needs. Social Service Review, 1995, 69, 275-283.
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Jouriles, E. N. Alcohol and aggressive personality styles: Potentiators
of serious physical aggression against wives? Journal of Family
Psychology, 1995, 9, 44-57
Kaufman Kantor, Glenda & Murray A. Straus. The 'drunken bum' theory of wife beating." Social Problems, 1987, Vol. 34, No. 3.
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- Schumacher, J. A., & O’Leary, K. D. Alcohol Use and Intimate Partner Violence: A Linear Association or a Threshold Effect? Unpublished manuscript. Research Institute on Addictions, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, 2002.
- Some Doubt the Role Alcohol Plays: Statistics seem to indicate a connection between alcohol and drug abuse and domestic violence, but some researchers question the cause-and-effect relationship. About Alcoholism, 6-24-04.
- Zubretsky, Theresa M. & Karla M. Digirolamo. The False Connection between Adult Domestic Violence and Alcohol. In Albert R. Roberts, (Ed.). Helping Battered Women. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.
Alcohol and Osteoporosis
- Burger H; de Laet CE; van Daele PL, et al. Risk factors for increased bone loss in an elderly population: the Rotterdam Study. American Journal of Epidemiology. 1998 May 1; 147(9): 871-9.
- Cheung RC; Gray C; Boyde A, et al. Effects of ethanol on bone cells in vitro resulting in increased absorption. Bone. 1995 Jan; 16(1): 143-7
- Faine MP Dietary factors related to preservation of oral and skeletal bone mass in women. Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. 1995 Jan; 73(1): 65-72
- Felson DT; Zhang Y; Hannan MT, et al. Alcohol intake and bone mineral density in elderly men and women: The Framingham Study. American Journal of Epidemiology. 1995 Sep 1; 142(5): 485-92.
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