Drinking Alcohol and Gynecological Cancers
A review of the scientific research on alcohol consumption and various gynecological cancers found no relationship between drinking alcohol and risk of gynecological cancers. Examined were studies of the cervix, uterus, endometrium, ovaries, vagina, and vulva.
There was no evidence of any relationship regardless of the source of the alcoholic beverage consumed (beer, wine, or spirits).
That's very good news. In addition, the moderate and regular consumption of alcohol is associated with better health and longer life than is either abstaining from alcohol or drinking abusively.
Drinking in moderation has been described by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) as a woman consuming three drinks on any day and an average of seven drinks per week.
A standard alcoholic drink is:
A 12-ounce can or bottle of regular beer
A 5-ounce glass of dinner wine
A shot (one and one-half ounces) of 80 proof liquor or spirits such as vodka, tequila, or rum either straight or in a mixed drink.
Standard drinks contain equivalent amounts of alcohol.
There is no evidence that any particular form of alcoholic beverage (beer, wine, or distilled spirits) confers greater health benefits than any other.
Note: This website does not make health or medical recommendations regarding drinking alcohol and any gynecological cancer and none should be inferred.
- Hjartuaker, A., Meo, M.S., and Weiderpass, E. Alcohol and gynecological cancer: an overview. European Journal of Cancer Prevention: the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention organization (ECP), 2010, 19(1), 1-10.
Readings on Gynecological Cancer
- Beesley, V., et al. Lymphedema after gynecological cancer: prevalence, correlates, and supportive care needs. Cancer, 2007, 109(12), 2607-2614.
- Belfort, P., et al. Gynecological Cancer. England: Parthenon, 1988.
- Bergfeldt, K. Malignancies Associated with Gynecological Cancer: Epidemiological and Etiological Aspects. Dissertation (sammanfattning). Stockholm: Karol. Inst., 2001.
- Brady, L.W. TheImpact of Surgical Staging on Gynecological Cancer. Philadelphia, PA: Hahnemann Medical College and Hospital, 1978.
- Chirkoff, A.A. The Self-Perceptions of Women following a Hysterectomy for a Gynecological Cancer. M.S. thesis, San Francisco State University, 1997.
- Clarke-Pearson, D., and Soper, J. Gynecological Cancer Management, Identification, Diagnosis and Treatment. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2009.
- Clinical trials in gynecological cancer. International Journal of Gynecological Cancer, 2007, 17(3), 547-556.
- Ekwall, E. Women's Experiences of Gynecological Cancer and Interaction with the Health Care System through Differernt Phases of the Disease. Dissertation (sammanfattning). Örebro : Örebro University, 2009.
- Gynecological cancer. Annals of Oncology, 2006, 17, Suppl. 9, ix171-ix178.
- Gynecological cancer. Annals of Oncology, 2008, 19, Suppl. 8, viii211-viii216.
- Heintz, A. Euthanasia: a personal experience with gynecological cancer. International Journal of Gynecological Cancer: official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society, 1995, 5(1), 71.
- Ismail, Z. Pre-operative Anxiety and Uncertainty in Gynecological Cancer Patients. M.Nurs. thesis, University of Hong Kong, 2006.
- Kralj, B., and Lukanovič, A. The urinary tract and gynecologial cancer. Giornale Italiano di Ostetricia e Ginecologia, 1989, 5, 333-337
- Lake, K.D. Communication and Coping among Breast and Gynecological Cancer Patients and their Partners. Ph.D. dissertation. University of South Carolina, 1995.
- Lim, J. The Impacts of Social Support on Quality of Life for Breast and Gynecological Cancer Survivors. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Southern California, 2006.
- López, A.J. Spiritual Practices and Spiritual Well-Being of Women with Gynecological Cancer. D.N.P. thesis, Case Western Reserve University, 2008.
- Martin-Christian, S.E. Sexual Adjustment following Surgical Treatment for Gynecological Surgery. M.S. thesis, California State University at San Bernardino, 1990.
- Ngan, H., et al. Psychosocial Study on Hong Kong Chinese with Gynecological Cancer. Utrecht, the Netherlands: Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema, 1994.
- Ratner, E.S., et al. Sexuality and intimacy after gynecological cancer. Maturitas, 2010, 66(1), 23.
- Scott, C.B. Gynecological Cancer and Sexual Rehabilitation. M.Sc. thesis, University of Calgary, 1992.
- Seppänen, M. Cytokines and Gynecological Cancer. Dissertation. Tampere: University of Tampere, 2000. Acta Universitatis Tamperensis, 762.
- Siu, P. Psychosexual Functioning of Chines Women after Treatment for Gyneological Cancer: A Controlled Prospective Study. M.Phil. thesis, Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1997.
- Thatcher, N. Gynecological Cancer. Oxford; New York: Pergamon Press, 1979.
- van de Wiel, H., et al. Sexual Functioning after Gynecological Cancer Treatment. Groningen: Dijkhuizen Van Zanten, 1991.
- Venous thromboembolism syndrome in gynecological cancer. International Journal of Gynecological Cancer, 2006, 16, Suppl. 1, 458-471.
- Westie, K.S. Psycho-Social Factors in Survival from Gynecological Cancer. Ph.D. dissertation, Arizona State University, 1989.
Additional Resource on Gynecological Cancer:
- International Journal of Gynecological Cancer