The regular consumption of alcohol (beer, wine, or spirits) is recognized as reducing the risk for atherosclerosis, coronary hear disease (CHD), ischemic stroke, and peripheral vascular disease. Mortality and morbidity by the single cause of CHD alone are 40-60% lower in moderate drinkers than among abstainers.

However, this study reports that moderate drinking also appears to reduce the risk of numerous diseases. "These include duodenal ulcer, gallstones, entric infections, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis, and diabetes mellitus (type II). Compared with abstainers, moderate drinkers exhibit improved mental status characterized by decreased stress and depression, lower abstenteeism from work, and decreased dementia (including Alzheimer's disease). Although limits of safe drinking have been conservatively defined, it is regrettable that political considerations are hampering the clinical application of this knowledge and its dissemination to the lay public."


  • Power, C., et al. Goldberg, D. M., et al. Moderate alcohol consumption: the gentle face of Janus. Clinical Biochemistry, 1999, 32(7), 505-518.

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