Alcohol & Gallstone Disease

Researchers investigated the relationship between alcohol consumption and a surrogate for gallstone disease (cholocystectomy) in a cohort of nearly 82,000 women in the Harvard University Nurses' Health Study who were examined prospectively. The investigators found that "The intake of all alcoholic beverage types is inversely associated with the risk of cholocystectomy." The lowest risk was found among women who drank slightly more than the one drink per day indicated in the U.S. Dietary Guidelines for Americans.


  • Lietzmann, M.F. et al. Alcohol consumption in relation to risk of cholocystectomy in women. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2003, 78, 339-347.

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