Alcohol improves health when consumed in moderation. And it also helps us live longer. For example:
(A) Moderate drinkers are usually healthier than non-drinkers.
(B) Moderate drinkers tend to live longer than non-drinkers.
(C) Alcoholic drinks are almost always more healthful than non- alcoholic drinks. That is, they tend to have fewer calories, less fat, less sodium, and fewer sugars than non-alcoholic ones.)
I. Section A: Drinkers are Healthier
Let’s look more closely each fact. (A) Moderate drinkers are usually are healthier than non-drinkers. Specifically, such drinkers tend to have fewer:
- Heart attacks and other heart problems.1
- Type 2 diabetes.3
- Gallstone/gallbladder problems.5
- Alzheimer’s & dementia.6
- Circulation problems.8
- Enlarged prostate (BPH).9
- Social anxiety.11
- Common cold.12
- Intermittent claudication.13
- Metabolic syndrome.14
- Peripheral artery disease.15
- Essential tremors.16
- Hepatitis A.17
- Frailty in older people.18
- Parkinson’s disease.19
- Social stress.20
- Type B gastritis.21
- Multiple Myeloma.22
- Kidney cancer.23
- Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (cancer).24
- Follicular lipoma (cancer).25
- Hodgkins lymphoma (cancer).26
- Thyroid cancer.27
- Type 2 diabetes.28
- Non-Hodgkin lipom (cancer).29
- Erectile dysfunction.30
- Blood vessel function.34
- Abdominal aortic aneurism.36
- Multiple sclerosis.37
- Fibromyalgia pain.39
- Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).40
- Brain atrophy.41
- Graves’ hyperthyroidism.42
- Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS).43
- Chronic kidney disease.44
- Aortic valve sclerosis45
Effects of Moderate Drinking
But it increases the risk of breast, mouth and throat cancers. The latter two are rare. Of concern to most people is breast cancer.
One way women can reduce the risk is by not smoking. The other is by by taking folate supplements.
Women have a five percent chance of dying from breast cancer. But they have ten times greater chance of dying from heart disease. Breast self-examination is the best way to detect breast cancer early. Learn how.
Moderate drinking has no effect on cancers of the
- Adrenal gland
- Bile Duct
- Blood (Leukemia)
- Connective Tissu
- Fallopian Tubes
- Lacrimal gland
- Male breast cancer
- Mediastal glands
- Parathyroid gland
- Peripheral Nerve
- Salivary gland
- Sebaceous glands
- Small intestine
- Sweat glands
II. Section B: Drinkers Live Longer
(B) Moderate drinkers tend to live longer than non-drinkers. The major cause of death in Western societies are heart attacks and other heart problems. However, moderate drinking greatly reduces heart problems.
Importantly, we know many of the reasons for this effect. So it isn’t simply based on correlations. Specifically, the causes include these facts.
Alcohol improves blood lipid profile. It
Increases HDL (good) cholesterol.46
Decreases LDL (bad) cholesterol.47
Improves cholesterol particle size.48
Alcohol decreases blood clotting. It
Reduces platelet clumping.49
Reduces fibrinogen (blood clotter).50
Thins the blood, helping circulation.51
Alcohol acts in other ways. It
Reduces heart artery spasms from stress.52
Increases heart blood flow.53
Reduces blood pressure.54
Lowers arterial stiffness.55
Reduces coronary calcification.56
III. Section C: Alcoholic Drinks Tend to be Healthful
(C) Alcoholic drinks are almost always more healthful than non-alcoholic drinks. That is, they tend to have fewer calories, less fat, less sodium than non-alcoholic ones.
|Alcoholic Beverage||Calories||Carbs (g)||Fats (g)||Sodium (mg)|
|Non-Alcoholic Beverage||Calories||Carbs (g)||Fats (g)||Sodium (mg)|
|Apple juice (unsweetened)||117||28.96||0.273||10|
|Grape juice (unsweetened||155||37.84||0.202||13.6|
|Grapefruit juice (unsweetened)||94||22.13||0.247||2.5|
|Milk (2% fat)||122||11.41||4.807||115|
|Orange juice (unsweetened)||112||26.84||0.149||4|
|Tangerine juice (unsweetened)||125||29.88||0.098||2.5|
*Spirits includes rum, vodka, whiskey, gin, tequila, bourbon, etc. Source: USDA. Food Database.
Drinking alcohol in moderation improves health and longer life. For example, it:
(A) Moderate drinkers tend to be healthier than non-drinkers.
(B) Moderate drinkers tend to live longer than abstainers.
(C) Alcoholic drinks are virtually always more healthful than non- alcoholic ones.
IV. Resources: Alcohol Improves Health
- Piano, M. Alcohol’s effect on the cardiovascular system. Alc Res, 38(2), 219-24.
2. Christensen, A. et al. Alcohol intake and stroke risk. J Stroke, 20(2), 218-27.
3. Kopps, L. et al. Moderate alcohol lowers risk of type 2 diabetes. Diab Care, 28(3), 719-25.
4. Ascione S, et al. Association between beverage consumption and risk of RA. Ann Rheum Dis.
6. Mewton, L. et al. The link between alcohol use and dementia. Addict.
7. Zhang, X. et al. Alcohol consumption and hip fracture risk. Osteo In, 26, 531-542. PLOS, 2017.
8. Piano, op cit.
9. Russo, G. et al. Diet and BPH. Nutri, 13(11): 4148.
10. Gemes, K. et al. Moderate alcohol and depression. Acta Psy Scan.
11. Villa, M. et al. Social anxiety and alcohol. Alco Clin Exp.
12. Ouchi, E. et al. Alcohol drinking associated with lower prevalence of common cold. BMC Pub Health.
13. Djousse, L., et al. Alcohol and risk of IC. Circ, 102, 3092.
14. Vidot, D., et al. Alcohol consumption and metabolic syndrome. Metab Syndr Relat Dis.
15. Wakabash, I. and Sotoda, Y. Alcohol drinking and peripheral arterial disease. Nihon Aruk, 49(1), 13-27.
16. Hopfner, F. et al. Alcohol: essential tremor. Parkin Rel Dis, 21(8), 848-851.
17. Du, P. et al. Alcohol drinking and H. Pylori infection. J Clin Gastro.
18. Kojima, G. et al. Alcohol consumption and risk of frailty. J Am Med Dir, 20(6), 725-729.
19. Shao, C. et al. Parkinson’s disease risk and alcohol intake. Front Nutr, 20.
20. Sayette, M. et al. Effects of alcohol on social stress. J Stud Alc, 55(2), 214-23
21. Du, op cit.
22. Cheah, S. et al. Alcohol use and risk of multiple myeloma. ejHaem, 3(1), 109-20.
23. Liao, Z. et al. The role of diet in renal cell carcinoma. BMC Med, 20, 39-
24. Tramacene, I. et al. Alcohol drinking and non-Hodgkin lymphoma risk. Ann Oncol, 23(11), 2791-98.
25. Odutola, M. et al. Alcohol and follicular lymphoma. Cancers, 14(11), 2710.
26. Gorin, G. et al. Alcohol and risk of Hodgkins lymphoma. Ann Onco, 2997, 18(1), 143-8.
27. Huang, H. et al. Alcohol consumption and risk of thyroid cancer. Adv Exp Med Bio, 1-14.
28. Hinkle, S. et al. Alcohol: risk of type 2 diabetes. JAMA Netw Open, 4(9), e2124669.
29. Morton, L. et al. Alcohol consumption and risk of NHL. Lancet Oncol, 6(7), 469-76.
30. Wang, X., et al. Alcohol and risk of ED. Int J Impot Res.
31. Cote, D. et al. Alcohol intake and risk of glioma. Eur J Epi, 36(9), 965-74.
32. Chua, S. et al. Alcohol consumption and cataract surgery. Optha, 128(6), 837-47.
33. Lee, C. et al. Alcohol consumption and diabetic retinopathy. Diab Med, 27(10), 1130-7.
34. Suzuki, K., et al. Alcohol consumption: better endothelial function. BMC Card Dis, 9, 8.
35. Lieberoth, S. et al. Alcohol and risk of asthma. Resp Med, 2, 184-8.
36. Stack, O., et al. Alcohol and abdominal aortic aneurysm. Circ, 130, 646-652.
37. Andersen, C. et al. Alcohol consumption associated with a lower risk of multiple sclerosis. Mult Scler J.
38. Lee, K. Alcohol consumption and grip strength. J Bone Met, 28(1), 41-50.
39. Scott, J. et al. Moderate alcohol associated with reduced pain and fibromyalgia. Pain Med, 13.
40. Barb, M., et al. Effect of alcohol on the risk of SLE. Arth Care Res, Coin Endo, 2012
41. Gu, Y., et al. Alcohol intake and brain structure. Clin Nut., 33, 662-7.
42. Carle, A. et al. Graves’ hyperthyroidism and moderate alcohol consumption. Clin Endo, 79(1), 111-9.
43. Noh, J. et al. Lower urinary tract symptoms and alcohol drinking. Tran An Urol, 9(2),
44. Kelly, J. et al. Factors for prevention of CKD. J. Am. Soc Neph, 32(1), 239-253.
45. Markus M. et al. Alcohol consumption is associated with lower risk of aortic valve sclerosis. Arter Throm Vascu Bio.
46. Minzer, S. et al. The Effect of Alcohol on Cardiovascular Risk Factors. Nutri, 12(4), 912.
47. Minzer, ibid.
48. Mukamal, K. et al. Alcohol consumption and lipoprotein. J Clin Endo Metab, 92(7), 2559–66.
49. Mukamal, ibid
50. Rauten, P. et al. Alcohol: total fibrinogen. Throm J, 18, #35.
51. Hama, T. & Shish, H. Increase in blood viscosity due to alcohol drinking. Thromb Res, 30(6), 587-94.
52. Sohn, S. et al. Impact of alcohol drinking on coronary artery spasm. J Athero, 268,163-9.
53. Mori, T. et al. Effects of alcohol on blood pressure. Hyper; 66(3), 517–23.
54. Mori, ibid.
55. Del Giorno, R. et al. Alcohol intake and arterial stiffness. Nutri, 14(6), 1207.
56. Vliegen, R. et al. Alcohol consumption and coronary calcification. Arch Inter Med, 164, 2355-2360.
57. Bektas, A. et al. Does a bit of alcohol turn off inflammation? Age Ageing, 45(6), 747-9.
Note: Alcohol Improves Health
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