Are alcohol prices and harm from misuse of alcohol related? It’s often suggested that we should increase taxes on alcohol to reduce harms. Some people suggest requiring minimum prices for alcohol. Would raising the price of alcohol be an effective deterrent to DWI and other problems?
Alcohol Prices and Binge Drinking: Connected?
To answer this, researchers made a complete review of natural experiments in nine countries. They studied policy changes that affected alcohol taxes and prices. The researchers studied 69 alcohol-related harms reported in studies published over 12 years.
A total of 45 studies from nine countries were analyzed. The countries were Australia, China (Hong Kong), Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Russia, Sweden, Switzerland, and the U.S.
The results showed no clear patterns from increasing alcohol prices. This was true both within countries and across countries.
This lack of pattern shouldn’t be surprising. Many factors affect alcohol harm. These factors include age, religion, ethnicity, race, gender, educational background, occupation, and many more.
These findings are important for alcohol policy.
Source: N. et al. Alcohol prices, taxes, and alcohol-related harms. Health Policy, 2016; ePub.
Readings on Alcohol Prices and Harm
Byrnes, J., et al. (2013). Can Harms of Drinking be Reduced by Increasing the Price of Alcohol? Drug Alco Rev. 32: 27-30.
Cook, P.J. and G. Tauchen (1982). The Effect of Liquor Taxes on Heavy Drinking, Bell J Econ. 13: 379-89.
Farrell, S., et al. (2003). Alcohol Dependence and the Price of Alcohol. J Health Econ. 22: 117-47.
Gius, M. (2002). The Effect of Taxes on Alcohol Consumption. Penn Econ Rev. 11: 76-93.
Kuo, K., et al. (2003). Does Price Matter? Alco Clin Exper Res. 27:720-25.
Walker, T. (2009). Why We Should Not Set a Minimum Price per unit of Alcohol, Pub Health Ethics. 3: 107-14.