The Board of Temperance Strategy was established 1930 by the Anti-Saloon League. It was a “last ditch” effort to coordinate resistance to the growing public demand for Repeal. That is, to repeal National Prohibition (1920-1933).
Opposition to Prohibition had been rising in the late 1920s. That’s because more and more people thought it was causing many serious problems.
The Board of Temperance Strategy consisted of representatives from an impressive list of 33 major temperance groups.
See about temperance at these.
Woman’s National Committee for Law Enforcement.
Many prominent people had financially supported the Anti-Saloon League. They included John D. Rockefeller, Jr. and Henry Ford. But many became disillusioned with Prohibition. Not only that, but they publicly called for Repeal. Most of the public agreed.
So Repeal groups sprang up and quickly grew. Public sentiment turned increasingly against Prohibition. See list below.
The Democratic Party platform in the 1932 election included an anti-prohibition plank. In addition, Franklin Roosevelt ran for the presidency promising Repeal.
Repeal occurred on December 5, 1933. The popular vote for Repeal was three to one. It was 74% in favor and 26% opposed. In fact, only two states opposed Repeal.
Neither the Anti-Saloon nor the Board of Temperance Strategy had failed. Prohibition had failed and done so miserably. And most people had come to realize it.
Many people and groups today support neo-prohibition!
Resources on the Board of Temperance Strategy:
Some of Many Repeal Groups
- The Association against the Prohibition Amendment.
- The Crusaders
- Labor’s National Committee for the Modification of the Volstead Act
- Moderation League of New York. (Despite its name, this was a nation-wide Repeal group.)
- Molly Pitcher Club
- Republican Citizens Committee Against National Prohibition.
- United Repeal Council
- Voluntary Committee of Lawyers. See also VCL.
- Women’s Organization for National Prohibition Reform.
- Women’s Moderation Union
- Roizen, R. The Discovery of Alcoholism. Berkeley: U California, Thesis, 1991.
- McConnell, D. Temperance Movements. In: Seligman, E., and Johnson, A. (Eds.) Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. NY: Macmillan, 1963.