Category: History

“Alcoholism is a Disease and I Can Cure It”: Dr. Leslie Keeley and the Keeley Institutes.

Leslie Keeley was an early proponent of the disease theory of alcoholism. He began promoting the idea in the 1870s. History remembers Keeley for two things. First was his assertion that “alcoholism is a disease and I can cure it.” Second was his alleged “gold cure” for alcoholism and other substance problems. I. Dr. Leslie …

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Roy Olmstead Biography: From Police Lieutenant to Major Bootlegger

Roy Olmstead was a major and highly successful bootlegger during National Prohibition (1920-1933). However, Olmstead began his career in a most unusual way. Olmstead joined the Seattle, Washington, Police Department in 1907. He quickly rose through the ranks and become sergeant in 1910. I. Officer Olmstead In 1916, Washington implemented state-wide alcohol prohibition. The next …

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Alcohol Moderation Organizations: Neither Abstinence nor Alcohol Abuse

Moderation vs. Temperance Many early temperance societies were actually alcohol moderation organizations. That’s because ‘temperance’ means moderation. And it meant moderation to them. Alcoholic Drink Equivalence The temperance movement began by encouraging drinkers to consume in moderation. It didn’t try to enforce abstinence from all alcohol. Instead, it only called for people to abstain from …

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