Thus, Moderate alcohol drinking reduces arthritis risk, including these forms of the disease.
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA).
Arthritis is a chronic disease characterized primarily by inflammation. It can lead to long-term joint damage, chronic pain, loss of function and disability.
One in five people in the US has been diagnosed with it. Possibly a billion people worldwide suffer from arthritis. The cause or causes of the disease are unknown. Therefore, it’s important to consider factors that increase risk of developing it.
A study of 34,141 women found that the moderate alcohol drinking reduces RA risk.
Women in the study reported their drinking once and then again ten years later. They were then followed up 12 years later. Those who earlier reported moderate drinking had a 52% reduced risk of RA. That was in comparison to those who never consumed any alcohol.
Drinking any form of alcoholic beverage was associated with a reduced risk of RA. That is, beer, wine, and spirits or liquor.
The authors suggest that a decrease in pro-inflammatory cytokines is probably why alcohol lowers the risk of RA.1
A study published in the Annals of Rheumatoid Diseases suggests that alcohol may protect against RA. Researchers analyzed data from 1,666 patients in Finland. They found that alcohol use either protects against RA or that patients with RA curtail their drinking after developing the disease. For a number of reasons, the authors suggest that it is more plausible that alcohol protects against RA.2
The research team at the Karolinska Instituet in Stockholm, Sweden, conduced a population-based case-control study. They looked at cases of rheumatoid arthritis among persons aged 18-70 years. There were 1,204 cases and 871 randomly-selected controls. All completed an extensive questionnaire regarding lifestyle factors, including alcohol consumption and smoking behaviors. Analysis included making adjustments for possible confounders.less severe
A medical study involved 873 patients with RA and 1,004 healthy controls. It found that as alcohol consumption went up, the risk and severity of RA went down. After adjustment for potential confounding factors, frequency of alcohol consumption remained protective.
Non-drinkers were four times more likely to develop RA than people who drank alcohol on more than ten days a month. Also, the risk of developing RA decreased according to the frequency of alcohol consumption.
This finding agrees with the results from previous studies. They have also shown decreased risk of developing RA among alcohol drinkers said lead author Dr. James Maxwell. It’s also consistent with much research on animals.4
Resources: Drinking Reduces Arthritis Risk
McQuade, J. and Mazur, M. A Practical Guide to Living with Rheumatoid Arthritis. Shenton Park, WA: AOWA, 2017.
Piccaver, M. Everything Your GP Doesn’t Have Time to Tell You about Arthritis. Help for Aches and Pains. London: Sheldon, 2017.
Young, K. Rheumatoid Arthritis Unmasked: 10 Dangers of Rheumatoid Disease. Orlando: RA Insights, 2017.
- Alcohol and Health.
- How Much Alcohol Should I Drink for Health & Long Life?
- Alcohol Abstaining is Dangerous to Health and Longevity.
- Moderate Drinking: Abstainers Should try It for Better Health and Longer Life?
- It’s Better to Drink in Moderation Than to Abstain from Alcohol.
- Alamanos, Y. and Drosos, A. Epidemiology of adult RA. Autoim Rev, 2005, 4, 130–136.
- Di Castelnuovo, A., et al. Alcohol and total mortality in men and women. Arch Int Med, 2006, 166, 2437-2445.
- Kallberg, H., et al. Alcohol is associated with decreased risk of RA. Ann Rheu Dis, 2009, 68, 222–227.
- Lu, B., et al. Alcohol and markers of inflammation in women with RA. Arth Rheu, 2010, 62, 3554-3559.
- Medzhitov R. Origin and physiological roles of inflammation. Nature, 2008, 454, 428-435.
- Nissen, M., et al. The effect of alcohol on progression of RA. Arth Rheu, 2010, 62,1265–1272.
- Di Giuseppe, D., et al. Long term alcohol intake and risk of RA in women: a population based cohort study. Brit Med J, 2012, 345-60.
- Myllykangas-Lusojarvi, R., et al. Reduced incidence of alcohol related deaths in subjects with RA. Ann Rheu Dis 2000, 59, 75-76.
- Turesson, C. Increased Alcohol Intake Associated with Decreased Risk of Developing RA. Paper, ann Euro Congress of Rheu, Barcelona, Spain. June 13-16, 2007.
- Maxwell, J., et al. Alcohol consumption is inversely associated with risk and severity of RA. Rheu, 2010.