What are the DUI trends in the US? (DUI is driving under the influence of alcohol. Often defined as DWI or similar initials.) It’s dropped greatly since 1980. But it remains a major problem. That’s because even a single DUI death is a needless tragedy.
I. The Study
Researchers wanted to measure DUI trends over a 15-year period. To do so, they used data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health over that time. That study reports the extent of DUI in the U.S.
The researchers found that DUI was 15.1% in 2002–2004. But it dropped to 8.5% in 15 years later.
Also, the researchers found this trend in virtually all major demographic groups. The exception was among older adults. Although their DUI rates have dropped, males, young adults, whites, and those with higher income are more likely to DUI.
This suggests the need to focus efforts to discourage DUI among affluent young white men.
II. Reducing DUI Trends
Some techniques to reduce DUI are largely ineffective. They include increasing the cost of alcohol and long prison terms. On the other hand, researchers have found others to be effective. They include the following.
- Automatic license revocation. It’s the single most effective way to reduce DUI. Adding required jail time is even more effective.
- Requiring ignition interlock devices. These prevent people with alcohol on their breath from driving.
- Vehicle impoundment.Confiscating license plates.
- DWI courts are very effective in reducing DUI. They work with hard-core repeat offenders. They do so by treating alcohol addiction. The failure rate of DWI and DUI courts is very low.
III. Resources: DUI Trends
- Frank, R. and White, T. Under the Influence. Putting Peer Pressure to Work. Princeton U Press.
- Nolan, J. Drug Courts in Practice. NY: Routledge.
- Oh, S. et al. Driving under the influence of Alcohol. Add Behav.