Edward C. Delavan: Wealthy Temperance Leader

Edward C. Delavan was a rich and very generous promoter of the temperance movement.

Delavan’s Beginnings

Delavan was born on January 6, 1793 in Franklin, New York. His parents were Stephen Delavan and Hannah Wallace Delavan. 1820 he married Abigail Marvin Smith and they had five children.

There was an economic boom caused by the opening of the Erie Canal. Delavan invested in land. By around 1827 had amassed an enormous fortune. After his first wife died, he married Harriet Ann Schuyler. They had one child.

Delavan had a leading role in founding the New York State Temperance Society. The year was 1829. At that time temperance meant drinking only beer or wine. People didn’t know that standard drinks of beer, wine and spirits contain the same amount of pure alcohol.

Edward C. Delavan

Total Abstinence

Edward C. Delavan
Edward C. Delavan

Delavan came to believe in total abstinence from all alcoholic. But he failed to convince the New York State Temperance Society to adopt that position. So he left the Society in 1836.  Delavan then gave $10,000 to help form the American Temperance Union. It was based on total abstinence.

Edward  Delavan  was deeply committed to the temperance cause. He gave much of his fortune and time to support it.

Delavan came to believe that the “wine” referred to in the Bible was unfermented grape juice. (For more, see Alcohol and the Bible.) This view caused much dispute. As a result, Delavan left the Presbyterian church. He then join the Episcopal church.

Promoted Temperance in Europe

In 1838 Delavan sailed to Europe to promote temperance. He brought hundreds of temperance tracts on the trip and had them reprinted in England. His visits to France and Italy confirmed his belief that wine was a great evil.

In 1845 he opened Delavan House in Albany, NY. It was one of the first temperance hotels in the country. It was used by many abstaining state legislators and lobbyists. Yet the hotel lost money.

Local Option

The same year he convinced the New York State legislature to pass a local option bill. It let townships vote on accepting or rejecting local prohibition.

In 1850 Delavan tried unsuccessfully to form a life insurance company. It was to be for abstaining policy holders. That may have saved him money in the long run. He falsely thought that alcohol drinkers died sooner than abstainers. Today we know that moderate drinkers tend to live longer than abstainers.

Persuasive Materials

Edward C. Delavan made a major contribution to the temperance movement. It was through his distribution of persuasive materials (“propaganda”). He said he financed the publication and distribution of over than 36 million anti-alcohol tracts and magazine issues.

In 1837 he mailed an issue of the Journal of the American Temperance Union to every member of Congress. To every member of the clergy. And to every postmaster in the entire country. In 1842 he sent 150,000 color copies of Dr. Thomas Sewall‘s famous drawings of alcohol-diseased stomachs. He sent them to poorhouses, prisons, hospitals, and schools. In 1846 he sent a temperance leaflet to every household in the state of New York.

Edward Delavan financially supported these journals.

State-Wide Prohibition

During the 1850s Delavan promoted state-wide prohibition. This was passed by the legislature in 1855. Yet it was quickly overturned by court action.

Delavan continued investing in real estate. By the eve (1860) of the Civil War, his fortune had grown to $625,000. His net worth made him one of the two dozen richest men in the state. During the Civil War, Delavan sent a million copies of a temperance tract to soldiers in the Union army.

Edward C. Delavan died on January 15, 1871 in Schenectady, New York. He left his estate, valued at $800,000 to $1 million, to his family.

Delavan, WI and Delavan, IL were named in honor of Edward C. Delavan.