Exercising is good for heart health. So is drinking alcohol (beer, wine and liquor or spirits) in moderation. Which wins in an exercise vs. alcohol for heart health contest? Or can we substitute one for the other?
To see if exercise and moderate alcohol consumption are interchangeable, Researchers at the National Institute of Public Health in Denmark wanted to know. Therefore, they studied about 12,000 men and women over a period of 20 years.
The medical researchers had three major findings.
- The lowest risk of fatal heart disease was among those who both drank moderately and exercised. They had a 50% reduced risk in comparison with non-drinkers who didn’t exercise. (Researchers defined moderate drinking as having an average of up to two drinks per day for both men and women. This is twice as high as the US federal guideline for women.)
- A higher risk was found among two groups. First, those who didn’t drink but exercised. And second, those who drank in moderation but didn’t exercise. In both cases the risk of heart disease dropped about 30% in comparison with abstaining non-exercisers.
- The highest risk was found among those who neither drank nor exercised. Their risk of dying from heart disease was twice as high as those who drank moderately and exercised.
The medical research indicates that moderate drinking and exercising are not interchangeable. Instead, they are cumulative in their positive effects on the cardiovascular system. Doing one is better than nothing. But doing both is the best choice of all. Doing so greatly reduces the risk death from heart attack. The same was also found for all-cause mortality
Some people should not drink for various reasons. Therefore the researchers note that “physical activity can reverse some of the adverse health effects of alcohol abstention.”
Resources: Exercise vs. Alcohol for Heart Health
When Non-drinkers Begin to Drink, Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) Risk Drops
Benefits of Moderate Drinking Result from Alcohol Itself
Alcohol and CVD. Moderate Drinking is Protective.
Effects of Alcohol on Risk of Strokes and Heart Attacks.
Lifestyle, CVD, & Death among Women.
Am Heart Assn. Controlling Your Risk Factors. NY: AHA, 2019.
Ganzit, G. and Stefan, L. CVD and Physical Activity. Torino: SEEd, 2012.
Kokkinos, P. Physical Activity and CVD Prevention. Sudbury, MA: Jones, 2010.
Purcell, J., et al. A Guide for Heart Attack Survivors. Atlanta: Pritchett, 2012.
Turner, G., et al. Surviving Heart Attacks and Strokes. Columbia: U of MO Press, 2008.
Pedersen, J. et al. The combined influence of leisure-time physical activity and weekly alcohol intake on fatal ischaemic heart disease and all-cause mortality. Euro Heart J, 2008, 29(2), 204-212.