I. Alcohol Detox.
What you need to know about alcohol detox (alcohol detoxification). Here’s information about what it is. Why it is sometimes necessary. What it involves. And more.
I. Alcohol Detox
III. Alcohol Detox Processes
IV. Alternatives to Alcohol Detox
Alcohol detox is the process of stabilizing alcoholics who have stopped drinking. This is sometimes necessary before alcoholism treatment begins. Detox is to prevent them from going into alcohol withdrawal. And that might cause death.
Alcohol withdrawal can lead to a number of symptoms. They generally start within eight hours after the last drink. However, they can occur much later. They usually peak within 24 to 72 hours. But some can continue for weeks.
II. Know about Alcohol Detox Symptoms
There are common alcohol detox symptoms.
- Mood swings
- Confused thinking
Other withdrawal symptoms may include these.
- Dilated (enlarged) pupils
- Clammy skin
- Tremors or shaking
- Loss of appetite
- Rapid heart beat
Severe alcohol withdrawal (delirium tremens or the DTs) usually has these symptoms.
- Extreme agitation.
- Hallucinations (seeing, hearing or feeling things that only exist in the mind).
- Severe confusion.
Medical supervision is essential with delirium tremens to prevent possible death.
Severity of Symptoms
The heavier drinking has been, the greater the chance that withdrawal symptoms will be severe.
If the doctor expects mild to moderate withdrawal symptoms, detox might be on an out-patient basis. The patient may need to visit the doctor daily. Typically, the treatment includes the use of sedatives to reduce withdrawal symptoms, counseling, blood tests, and carefully monitoring health.
If the doctor thinks the symptoms will be moderate to severe, treatment is likely to be on an in-patient basis. This usually involves the use of strong sedatives, giving fluids through a vein (IV), and closely watching vital signs. If the doctor expects symptoms to be severe, nurses will carefully monitor the patient for the DTs.
III. Know about Alcohol Detox Processes
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) says detox has three steps.
- Evaluation. Tests determine which substances and how much of them are in the patient’s body.
- Stabilization. The process of detoxification occurs.
- Guiding Patients into Treatment. This is because detox only addresses physical dependence.
Some rehabs don’t qualify to have alcohol detox available on-site. Amazingly, a few actually send their patients far away for the process. Of course, this makes the transition to treatment more difficult, time consuming, and expensive.
You may wish to talk with your doctor before making any decisions about alcohol detox or rehab. If you do choose either detox or a rehab, there are probably many choices near where you live.
IV. Know about Alcohol Detox Alternatives
You might also decide that you don’t need to enter a rehab. Few people do. Most people benefit from a free programs that permit them to live at home. These programs include HAMS (Harm reduction, Abstinence, and Moderation Support). LifeRing. Moderation Management. Rational Recovery. SMART Recovery (Self-Management and Recovery Training). Secular Organizations for Sobriety (SOS). And also Women for Sobriety.
National Substance Abuse Hotline (fed. gov’t site).
- A 12-ounce can or bottle of regular beer.
- A 5-ounce glass of dinner wine.
- A shot of 80 proof liquor or distilled spirits. A shot is one and one-half ounces.