Michigan Alcohol Laws: Important to Know

Michigan alcohol laws apply to residents. They also apply to those who visit the state. Residents generally know enough of the state’s laws to avoid problems. But visitors and new residents may not. They may think that Michigan alcohol laws are the same as those they know. This can cause problems.

I. Minimum Age Laws


I.   Minimum Age Laws
II.  Alcohol Violations
III. Resources
IV.  Seek Good Advice

Many people assume that Michigan permits parents to serve their children a sip of wine with dinner. They assume that adults of 19 may take communion wine. That 20-year-old newly weds may share a glass of Champagne at their reception. They would be wrong. These would all be violations of Michigan alcohol laws.

Criminalizing the religious use of wine concerns many Christians and Jews. They object to the denial of freedom of religion.

Many young people would like part-time jobs. They wonder about the minimum age for working around alcohol. Must a person be 21 to work as a bartender? How about as a server in a venue that sells alcohol? And what about as a cashier selling alcohol to drink elsewhere?

Michigan laws permit adults aged 18 or older to be bartenders. They can be servers in venues that sell alcohol for drinking on site. And they can work in venues selling alcohol to drink elsewhere.

It is a criminal act to use a false ID to buy alcohol. It is illegal for those under 21 to drive with any alcohol in their body. Their BAC must not be above 0.00.

II. Alcohol Violations

Selling Alcohol

michigan alcohol lawsIt’s illegal to sell alcohol to anyone under age 21, including adults. And it’s also illegal to sell to an intoxicated person. The penalty for either  is a fine up to $1,000 for a first offense. The penalties grow exponentially thereafter.

Michigan is a monopoly state for all packaged distilled spirits. That is, for all spirits sold for consumption off-premises. It also mandates the minimum prices for all alcohol.

The sale of alcohol for on-premises and off-premises is legal from 7 a.m. to 2 a.m. Monday through Saturday. It’s also legal from noon until 2 a.m. on Sunday.

Michigan alcohol laws prohibit alcohol sales after 9 p.m. on December 24 and all of Christmas day. However, on-premise sales on January 1 are legal until 4 a.m.

Grocery and convenience stores may sell beer and wine. But gas stations in Wayne County County may not.

Retailers may not sponsor any contest that requires the use alcohol. Nor may they use alcohol as a prize.

Purchasing Alcohol

It’s illegal for anyone under 21 to buy, or attempt to buy, alcohol. The penalty for a first offense is a $100 fine.

A second offense leads to a $200 fine. In addition, the state suspends the driver’s license for 30 days and restricts it for 60 days. The penalty for a third offense is a $500 fine. Furthermore, the state suspends the driver’s license for 60 days and restricts it for 305 days. It may also require alcohol screening and community service.

Using a false ID carries its own penalties. It’s a fine up to $100 and/or up to 93 days in jail. Also the court suspends the driver’s license for 90 days and may require alcohol screening.

michigan alcohol lawsForget about bringing that special bottle of wine to a restaurant to drink at your special anniversary dinner. All alcohol consumed at a restaurant, bar, etc., must be bought there.

However, customers may remove a partially-consumed bottle from the venue. To do so, the cork must be reinserted level to the top of the bottle. But it’s illegal to carry the bottle in the passenger compartment. To be legal, it must be in the vehicle’s trunk.


Michigan alcohol laws identifies three alcohol or drug-related driving offenses.

1. Operating while visibly impaired (OWVI). If an arresting officer thinks that a driver is impaired by alcohol or drugs, the person is guilty of OWVI. That’s Michigan law. However, symptoms of diabetes can very closely mimic intoxication. Therefore, it’s wise for diabetics to carry a physician’s statement about this in the vehicle at all times.

2. Operating while intoxicated (OWI). This is if a driver’s BAC is is at or above the legal limit. This may be established as estimated in the field by a hand-held unit. In most states, estimates from these preliminary estimates are not grounds for conviction. That’s because they are not reliable.

3. Operating with any presence of a Schedule 1 Drug or cocaine (OWPD). This occurs if a urine, breath, or blood test finds any trace of such drugs. The state doesn’t need to prove impairment. Conviction is based on any trace of those substances.

The penalties for OWVI, OWI, and OWPD may include vehicle immobilization. During that immobilization, drivers may not drive any vehicle.

OWI and OWPD Penalties

The penalties for a first conviction of OWI or OWPD are

  • michigan alcohol lawsA fine of $100 to $500, imprisonment for up to 93 days and up to 360 hours of community service.
  • License suspension for six months.
  • Possible vehicle immobilization.
  • Six points on driving record.
  • Possible ignition interlock device.
  • “Driver Responsibility Fee” for two years in a row.
  • The fee to reinstate the license is $125.

A second conviction for OWI or OWPD increases penalties.

  • A fine of $200 to $1,000, imprisonment five days to one year, and community service for 30 to 90 days.
  • Driver’s license revocation for at least one year.
  • License plate confiscation.
  • Vehicle immobilization for 90 to 180 days.
  • Possible forfeiture of vehicle.
  • Six points on driving record.
  • “Driver Responsibility Fee” in each of two tears in a row.
  • Driver’s license reinstatement fee of $125.
High BAC

michigan alcohol lawsThe penalties increase for a first conviction of driving with a BAC 0.17 or higher. There’s a fine up to $700 and imprisonment for up to 180 days. The driver’s license suspension is up to one year and mandated community service of up to 360 hours. In addition, six points go on the driving record and there’s a mandatory treatment program. Finally, the offender must pay for and use an ignition interlock device.

An ignition interlock device prevents the vehicle from starting if there is any alcohol in the driver’s breath.


These are the penalties for a first conviction of OWVI.

  • michigan alcohol lawsA fine of up to $300, imprisonment up to 93 days, and up to 360 hours of community service.
  • Driver’s license revocation up to 90 days. It’s 180 days if impaired by drugs.
  • Possible vehicle immobilization.
  • Four points on driving record.
  • “Driver Responsibility Fee.
  • Driver’s license reinstatement fee of $125.

And these are penalties for a second or later OWVI conviction.

  • A fine of $200 to $1,000 fine, imprisonment for five days to one year, and community service for 30-90 days.
  • Driver’s license suspension for 90 days. (If drug-impaired, 180 days.) (impaired by a controlled substance causes 180 days).
  • Possible vehicle immobilization.
  • Four points on driving record.
  • “Driver Responsibility Fee” for two years in a row.
  • Driver’s license reinstatement fee of $125.
Drivers Under Age 21

michigan alcohol lawsPeople under 21 who drive with a BAC of 0.02 are guilty of a misdemeanor. Four points are added to their driving record if convicted.

Here’s an important fact. Having alcohol, even unopened, in a vehicle on a road or parking lot, is a misdemeanor.

Constitutional Right

All drivers have a U.S. Constitutional right to decline any BAC or drug test requested by a law officer. However, Michigan punishes those who use their right. The state automatically suspends their driver’s license for one year and adds six points to their driving record. Also, if convicted, they suffer those penalties as well. Declining for a second time within seven years causes a two-year suspension.


Michigan alcohol laws prohibit operating a vessel under the influence. It’s also illegal for the owner of a vessel to let anyone under the influence to operate it.

Anyone whose BAC is 0.08 or higher is under the influence of alcohol. A first or second offense is a misdemeanor. A third conviction within ten years is a felony. However, anyone operating under the influence cosigners injury or death is guilty of a felony.
Operators who exercise their Constitutional right to decline a BAC test are punished.

III. Resources on Michigan Alcohol Laws

Michigan alcohol laws

State Code
Legislative Information  
State Administrative Code
Attorney General Opinions
• State Bar of Michigan
Liquor Control Commission


IV. Seek Good Advice

Michigan alcohol laws, as in other states, can change. Their interpretation can change. They can be unclear. They can conflict. Lawyers spend years studying the subject. Do not rely on this site.

Get information and advice about Michigan’s alcohol laws from a lawyer licensed in Michigan. Because the state is so big, alcohol attitudes and practices vary. Therefore, it’s a good idea to select a lawyer in the relevant county or city.

Of course, the very best advice is not to drink and drive.