National Minimum Drinking Age Act of 1984

The Maryland Underage Drinking Prevention Coalition tries to gives help. It summarizes the National Minimum Drinking Age Act of 1984. It does this as follows.

“The legal age for alcohol in the USA is 21 years old. [Emphasis in original. But the statement is FALSE!] The National Minimum Drinking Age Act of 1984 required all states to raise their minimum purchase and public possession of alcohol age to 21. States that did not comply faced a reduction in highway funds under the Federal Highway Aid Act. The U.S. Department of Transportation has determined that all states are in compliance with this act. The national law specifically prohibits purchase and public possession of alcoholic beverages. It does not prohibit persons under 21 (also called youth or minors) from drinking. The term ‘public possession’ is strictly defined and does not apply to possession for the following:

      • drinking age actAn established religious purpose, when accompanied by a parent, spouse or legal guardian age 21 or older.
      • Medical purposes when prescribed or administered by a licensed physician, pharmacist, dentist, nurse, hospital or medical institution.
      • In private clubs or establishments.
      • In the course of lawful employment by a duly licensed manufacturer, wholesaler or retailer.”

National Minimum Drinking Age Act of 1984

Misleading

The emphasis is misleading. The statement is false that “The legal age for alcohol in the USA is 21 years old.” But it chooses not to emphasize the more important fact. That is, “the law does not prohibit persons under 21 (also called youth or minors) from drinking.” So it actually adds to the common false belief!

The U.S. General Accountability Office has identified many states that don’t specifically prohibit drinking alcohol by persons under 21. However, those states are in compliance with the Act. It would appear that such states could legally only charge underage persons with public possession of alcohol, not underage drinking.

The title of the legislation itself is clearly misleading. That’s because the National Minimum Age Drinking Act does not prohibit drinking by those under 21. Nor does it require the states to prohibit such drinking.

And descriptions of the law contribute to the false belief that it does. For example, the assertion that “the legal age for alcohol in the USA is 21 years old.” It clearly leaves the false impression that the minimum legal drinking age for alcohol is 21.

An Option

States with laws against drinking or possession by adults 18 through 20 could easily conform to the federal law. They could simply make not criminal alcohol drinking for such adults. Also they could prohibit fines or other punishments.