This page will help you understand Ohio alcohol laws and avoid expensive fines or even jail. Not to mention time and legal costs.
Ohio alcohol laws apply to both residents and visitors. So knowing them is wise.
I. Minimum Ages
II. Other Ohio Alcohol Laws
IV. Get Legal Advice
I. Minimum Ages
Young people often want part-time jobs. Many jobs are in hospitality. Some involve working with alcohol. Youths want to know if they are old enough for them. What’s the minimum age to serve alcohol in a restaurant? What’s it for tending bar? And what about for selling alcohol for use elsewhere?
Ohio alcohol laws permit adults 19 years or older to serve alcohol in venues for on-site use. And the same age for those who sell beer “across a bar.” But to sell wine or spirits, a bartender must be at least 21 years of age.
This distinction is based an old myth. It’s that wine and distilled spirits (liquor) have more alcohol than beer. Standard drinks of beer, wine and spirits have the same amount of pure alcohol. It’s six-tenths of an ounce. They’re all the same in alcohol.
To sell alcohol for use elsewhere, the age is adulthood. That is, age 18 or older.
Those of any age under 21 may drink with a parent or guardian present. Many do this to promote moderate drinking. And it’s effective in in doing this.
They may also drink with their legal-age spouse. And they may drink for legally defined religious, educational, or medical purposes.
On the other hand, parents may not provide any alcohol to other persons under the age of 21. That is the case even if the parents of those persons agree.
It’s also illegal to allow a person under 21 to remain in one’s property while possessing alcohol. Of course, that doesn’t include one’s own offspring. There is no legal provision to ensure the safety of those expelled.
Those under 21 may not buy alcohol. But they may buy to help police entrap clerks. The use of a false ID to buy, or try to buy, alcohol is a crime.
It is illegal for those under 21 to drive with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) over 0.02%.
II. Other Ohio Alcohol Laws
A. Selling Alcohol
It’s illegal to sell alcohol to anyone under the age of 21. Or to intoxicated persons. And bars can’t legally to give free beer.
Licensed businesses may serve alcohol from 5:30 a.m. to 2:30 a.m. Monday through Saturday. With a special Sunday license they may serve 1:00 p.m to 2:30 a.m. on that day.
Those selling for off-site use may do so from 5:30 am to 1:00 a.m. Monday through Saturday. With a Sunday license they may sell from 1:00 p.m to 1:00 a.m. on that day.
Grocery stores, drug stores, and other licensed retailers may sell beer and wine. Yet only state government monopoly stores sell distilled spirits. So selection is poor and prices are high.
Local laws (local option) can restrict when businesses can sell or serve alcohol. They can and do occasionally prohibit the sale of any alcohol.
B. Buying Alcohol
The penalty for illegal possession or drinking by minors is $250 maximum fine and/or up to 30 days jail. Minors are non-adults. That is, those age 17 or below.
For adult offenders under 21 the penalty is a fine up to $1,000 and/or up to 180 days in jail. First offenders may have the option of entering into a diversion program. If the violation occurred as a passenger in a motor vehicle, the court may suspend the offender’s license.
The penalty for giving alcohol to anyone under 21 is a $1,000 fine and/or up to six months in jail. In addition, people may sue the offender if the underage person hurts themselves, someone else, or damages property. Of course, parents and guardians can give alcohol to their own offspring of any age.
Ohio alcohol laws prohibit ordering distilled spirits over the Internet. It’s also illegal to bring into Ohio over one liter of spirits per person 21 or older. If consumers bring more into the state, they must physically go to one of the state government monopoly liquor stores. There, the purchasers must complete paperwork and pay taxes on the spirits.
Open Container Laws
It’s illegal to have an open alcohol container on public property, regardless of age. Ohio deems public property very, very broadly. A court may consider places that are visible, easy accessible, and open to the public to be public property.
People consider their porch, stoop, and front yard to be their private property. But Ohio courts may consider it to be public property. So can people drink alcohol on their own your front porch? One would hope so. Yet in Ohio, it’s unclear. The fine for having an open alcohol container is a fine of up to $150.
This also means that sports fans may not legally “tailgate” in a public parking lot.
C. Driving and Alcohol
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It’s illegal for anyone age 21 or older to drive with a BAC of 0.08% or higher. For those under 21, including adults, it’s 0.02%. It would be 0.00% except for several facts.
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Drivers Under Age 21
The penalty for driving with a BAC of 0.02% or over is a $250 minimum fine. Or up to 30 days jail. Or both. The state also adds at least four points to the driver’s license. In addition, it suspends the license for between 90 days and five years.
A second conviction leads to a mandatory driver’s license suspension of at least 90 days. Additional fees are likely. And penalties increase with additional convictions.
Drivers Age 21 and Older
Any conviction for driving with a BAC over 0.17% has longer imprisonment. Also, the fines can be as high as $10,500.
First Offense with BAC 0.08% to 0.17%
Penalties include adding at least six points to the driver’s license. Also a 90 day suspension of the license. Jail for 72 hours or a driver intervention program. A fine of $375 to $1,075. In addition, there’s a license suspension of six months to three years.
Second Offense Six Years with BAC 0.08% to 0.17%
The penalties include license suspension for one year. Jail for ten days to under six months. However, the court may require jail along with house arrest using an alcohol monitoring system. The fine is between $500 and $1,625. License suspension is for one to five years. Also, vehicle impoundment is for 90 days. Finally, there is alcohol and drug assessment.
Third Offense within Six Years BAC 0.08% to 0.17%
The penalties include driver’s license suspension for two years. Jail for 30 days to under one year. Fine is $850 to $2,750. License suspension is two to ten years. There is also mandatory alcohol and drug treatment.
Offenders having convictions five times within 20 years appear on the Habitual Offender Registry. In addition, the public can see the offenders’ names, dates of birth, home addresses, and conviction records.
Other Driving Laws
It’s also against Ohio law to loan a vehicle to person with a suspended driver’s license. The state’s penalty for doing so is to suspend the offender’s license.
It is illegal to carry previously opened containers of alcohol in a vehicle except in the trunk.
All drivers have a U.S. Constitutional right to decline BAC testing. However, the state punishes anyone who uses that right. The first time a driver uses the right, the state adds at least six points on the license. In addition, it suspends the license for one year.
If the driver uses the right within six years, the suspension is for two years. Should the driver again use the right within another six years the suspension is for three years. Also, a fourth use within six more years leads to a five year suspension.
Field Sobriety Tests
However, these punishments do not apply to refusing to do a field sobriety test. These tests are highly subjective. And they’re not reliable. In fact, about one-third of people with a 0.00% BAC fail. That’under ideal indoor situation.
Lawyers strongly advise against ever taking a field sobriety test. Taking one can never help clear a person. So lawyers say never take one. Learn more at Never Take a Field Sobriety Test.
D. Boating and Alcohol
For those 21 or older having a BAC of 0.08% or higher is being under the influence. Or it’s having drugs affect them to the extent they can’t operate safely. That’s very subjective. And it’s in the mind of the arresting officer.
Convictions lead to fines and possible time in jail.
Some boaters use their Constitutional right and decline a BAC test. In that case, they may not operate on the water for one year. If the person is the owner of the craft, the state keeps the registration certificate and tags.
III. Resources on Ohio Alcohol Laws
IV. Advice on Drinking Laws in Ohio
Ohio alcohol laws can change. So can county and local laws. They can conflict. Also, they can confuse. That is why lawyers study law for years. It’s not do a DIY project. Never rely on this site. Nor on any other site. The stakes are too high.
So get advice about Ohio alcohol laws from an expert. That is a lawyer holding a license in the state.
Alcohol attitudes and criminal justice practices vary widely across the state. So it’s a good idea to select one in your locality.