Prohibition in Minnesota: Optimism Turned Into Despair

Prohibition in Minnesota was welcomed. The state had a long temperance history. It strongly supported National Prohibition (1920-1933) when it began. It was often called the Noble Experiment.

        Overview

I.   Volstead Act

II.  Bootlegging

III. Other Problems

IV.  Resources

Prohibition in Minnesota

I. Volstead Act

Prohibition in Minnesota
Andrew Volstead

The National Prohibition Act of 1919 is usually called the Volstead Act. That recognizes the state’s Andrew Volstead. It was Volstead who introduced the law and oversaw its passage through Congress. The Volstead Act was important because it was the enabling law for Prohibition. Without the Act, no one knew precisely what was illegal. Nor the punishments.

Volstead was born in Kenyon and went to St. Olaf College. He became mayor of Granite Falls. Then he served in the House of Representatives from 1903 until 1923. He lost the race for re-election. After that he was legal advisor to the national Prohibition Bureau. Following Repeal, he returned to Granite Falls, where he lived the rest of his life.

People had generally supported Prohibition in Minnesota. And in the entire country. They expected it to reduce crime, improve health, and raise morality. They thought it would promote prosperity, reduce violence, and protect young people. As events would soon prove, it did none of these things. It actually created more problems.

II. Bootlegging Widespread

But many people believed they had a right to buy alcohol. The law made them criminals for doing so. To meet the demand for alcohol, moonshiners and bootleggers quickly became active. Conflicts among these illegal suppliers were often vicious. Conflicts between them and police were sometimes violent. They were even deadly. After all, untaxed fortunes were at stake.

Moonshiners made their product quickly and carelessly. It often contained toxic lead. Customers sometimes suffered paralysis, blindness or even death.

III. Other Problems

Illegal producers and sellers routinely bribed law enforcement officers and other officials. It was a cost of doing business.

But the public saw it as corrupt immorality. It led to a decreasing respect for both Prohibition and law in general

Prohibition changed drinking patterns for the worse. It became the fashion for women and young people to drink. Drinking to excess was one way of expressing contempt for the law.

prohibition in MinnesotaIt also promoted a pattern of less frequent but heavier drinking. People didn’t go to a speakeasy for a leisurely drink. They went to guzzle alcohol while they could. And to become drunk.

People saw that Prohibition didn’t reduce crime but increased it. It didn’t improve health but threatened it. Prohibition didn’t raise morality but lowered it. It didn’t protect young people but harmed them.

Prohibition not only failed. It was counter productive. Worse than doing nothing. So  over 65% of voters in the state called for Repeal. That’s two to one.

IV. Resources for

Web
Readings