South Dakota alcohol laws cover all those in the large state. That’s both residents and visitors. The state’s laws may vary from those in some other states. Laws can also vary from place to place within the state. Not knowing them is not a defense against breaking them.
I. Minimum Age Laws
II. More Alcohol Laws
IV. Get Legal Advice
I. Minimum Age Laws
People under 21 often want to work in hospitality. It offers many jobs that young people can do. Most of these jobs involve alcohol. So what are the ages necessary for employment? This is an important matter for those involved.
South Dakota alcohol laws permit adults to serve alcohol in on-premises venues. That is, the age needed is 18. A supervisor must be present. For tending bar it is the same age and supervisor requirement. For working in stores selling alcohol for off-site drinking, the age is 21 for selling wine and spirits. There is no state minimum age for selling beer in such locations. No supervisor is necessary for selling there.
Buying alcohol under age 21 is illegal. So is using a false ID. Retailers may detain anyone under 21 suspected of using a false ID to buy alcohol
It is also illegal for those under 21 to drive with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of 0.02% or higher.
The township of Shannon is dry. That is, it prohibits the sale of alcohol.
II. More South Dakota Alcohol Laws
In general, it’s only legal to sell alcohol to anyone age 21 or older. However, it’s legal to sell alcohol to adults aged 18-20. To do so, they must be in the presence of a parent, guardian, or spouse 21 or older. On the other hand it’s also legal to refuse to sell to such adults.
It’s also illegal to serve alcohol to any non-adult (i.e., aged 17 or under). This is true even if they’re with a parent, guardian, or spouse of legal age.
South Dakota alcohol laws prohibit those under 21 from loitering in businesses selling alcohol for on-site consumption.
A: By Licensees
A licensee is one who has a license to sell or serve alcohol. Clerks are employees of licensees. The penalties for illegal sales by licensees and clerks differ.
The penalty for a licensee who sells or serves alcohol to a non-adult is simple. It’s jail for up to one year and/or a fine of $1,000.
The licensee also receives punishment for a clerk who illegally sells. Some clerks have had a state-approved alcohol server program. Others have not.
First Violation. The state fines the licensee $500 if clerk had program. If not, the fine is $1,000.
Second Violation. For a second clerk violation in 24 months, fine is $1,000. If the clerk hasn’t had the program, the fine is $2,000.
Third violation. For a third clerk violation in 24 months, the state suspends the licensee’s license. It revokes it if another clerk violation occurs.
B: By Clerks
For selling or serving alcohol to an adult 18 through 20, the clerk faces a Class 2 misdemeanor. The state also revokes the clerk’s license for 60 days to one year.
It’s illegal for a non-adult (17 or younger) to buy alcohol. Also prohibited is an adult 18 through 20 buying unless with a parent, guardian, or spouse 21 or older. Violation is a Class 2 misdemeanor.
It’s illegal for anyone 21 or older to buy alcohol and give or resell it to someone under 21. The penalty is jail for up to one year and/or a $1,000 fine.
It’s also illegal for anyone under age 21 to use a falsen ID to buy or attempt to but alcohol. To do so is a Class 2 misdemeanor.
The penalty for a Class 2 misdemeanor is a fine of up to $500 and/or jail for 30 days. In addition, the state may suspend the driver’s license for 30 days to one year.
It’s illegal to drive with a BAC of 0.08% or higher. However, courts can still convict drivers of DUI if their BAC is 0.05% or higher. That’s if a judge decides that they couldn’t drive safely at that level.
On the other hand, many people develop a very high alcohol tolerance. This means that they can safely drive at 0.08 or even higher. Nevertheless, the law falsely defines them as impaired. As a result they may not present evidence of their innocence and suffer the result.
Courts can convict people under 21, including adults, of DUI with a BAC of 0.02% or higher.
Significantly, courts can convict people of DUI without driving. If impaired people are in physical control of a vehicle they may be guilty. For example, if they’re sleeping in the driver’s seat with the vehicle keys in their pocket.
The exact punishments for DUI vary depending on driving history including any previous DUI charges.
Second Offense. The state revokes the license for one year. The court determines the duration of a restricted license. The penalty for driving with a suspended license is a mandatory jail sentence of three days.
Third Offense. One-year license revocation with a restricted license at the court’s discretion. The state requires counseling and participation in the sobriety 24/7 program. The state mandates jail for 20 days for driving while the license is under suspension.
Fourth Offense. This results in a two-year license revocation and participation in the sobriety 24/7 program. There is a mandatory jail term of 20 days for driving with a suspended license.
Fifth Offense. The penalties are the same as for a fourth offense except the license revocation is for three years.
The penalties for those under age 21 with a BAC of 0.02 or above are simple. For a first offense it’s a 30-day license revocation. A second brings a 180-day revocation. And a third results in a one-year license revocation.
South Dakota alcohol laws require drivers to submit to a breathalyzer test if a law enforcement officer requests. People have a U.S. Constitutional right to decline. However, if they use their right, the state punishes them by suspending their license for up to one year.
Nevertheless, this doesn’t apply to refusing to do a field sobriety test. Field sobriety tests are very unreliable. In fact, 30% of completely sober people fail them. That is about one of three people with zero BAC (0.00%) fail.
Police learn many clever ways to talk drivers into taking a field sobriety test. They also often falsely say the law requires it. It does not. While investigating, police can legally lie. So don’t be a sucker!
Lawyers strongly urge drivers never to take them. They say drivers should politely refuse. And to do so as many times as necessary.
Learn much more at Never Take a Field Sobriety Test Say DUI Lawyers.
1. They have a BAC of 0.08 or higher.
2. They are under the influence of alcohol, a drug, and/or a combination of the two. And they are to a degree that they can’t safely operate the vessel.
South Dakota requires boaters to submit to a breathalyzer test if requested by a law enforcement officer. People can exercise their Constitutional right to decline. However, the state presents that fact in court as supposedly proof of guilt. The penalty for conviction is suspension of the boating license for one year.
III. Resources on South Dakota Alcohol Laws
- South Dakota State Code
- Administrative Rules
- Legislative Information
- Supreme Court Opinions
- Attorney General Opinions
- Municipal League
- State Bar of South Dakota
IV. Get Legal Advice about Drinking Laws of South Dakota
South Dakota alcohol laws can be unclear. This is true of those in other states as well. What do the laws really mean? How do they apply? Knowing this takes legal training. Lawyers study it for years. A mistake could be bad. Don’t rely on this site. Nor on any other site.
South Dakota is a big state. Understandably, alcohol attidedes and practices vary. Therefore, it’s generally a good idea to select a lawyer from your locale.