World Alcohol and Drinking History Timelines

This drinking history timeline shows major event in alcohol and drinking around the world. It presents them over the past 12,000 years.

In Time Order

Drinking History Timeline


Humans have used alcohol for thousands of years. It has provided needed nutrition and caloric value. The levels of amino acids and vitamins increase during fermentation.1 Modern food technology uses enrichment or fortification to improve the nutrition of foods. But fermentation nutritionally enriches naturally.2  

The desire to raise grain for brewing encouraged the transition from nomadic hunting and gathering. This led to settling in agricultural communities. This was the beginning of civilizations.


Alcoholic beverages have long served as thirst quenchers. This is important in a world in which water has generally been unhealthful. Or questionable at best. Ancient writers rarely wrote about water, except as a warning.3

In the late eighteenth century most Parisians were poor. They had the choice of drinking alcoholic beverages or water from a very polluted Seine.4 Coffee and tea were expensive. People didn’t commonly drink them on a daily basis in most of Europe. That didn’t occur until the mid-nineteenth century.5

drinking history timelineAlcohol has historically been therapeutic or medicinal. It has clearly been a major pain killer. And it’s one widely available to people in pain. It has provided the caloric energy needed for hard labor. It’s also a relief from the resulting fatigue.

Alcohol has frequently served as a medium of exchange. For example, in Medieval England, ale often paid tolls, rents, and debts.6

Problematic Use Stressed

Chroniclers tend to note problems rather than normalcy. They often write about any problems caused by alcohol abuse. Rarely do they write about the non-events of its typical, moderate drinking. But they’re both important parts of the the world’s drinking history timeline.

The founding Director of the U.S. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism concluded this.”[A]lcohol has existed longer than all human memory. It has outlived generations, nations, epochs and ages. It is a part of us, and that is fortunate indeed. Alcohol will always be the master of some. But for most of us it will continue to be the servant of man.”7

The story of alcohol is fascinating. Alcohol has long played a major role in human life. And it continues to do so today. This drinking history timeline helps us discover the story.

Let’s begin our exploration!

Drinking History Timeline

Popular Books

1 Ghaliounqui, P. Fermented Beverages in Antiquity. In: Gastineau, C., et al. (Eds.) Fermented Food Beverages in Nutrition, pp. 3-19. Pp. 8-9.

Steinkraus, K. Nutritionally Significant Native Foods. In: Gastineau, pp. 35-57.

3 Ghaliounqui, p. 3.

4 Braudel, F. Material Life, pp. 159-160.

5 Austin, G. Alcohol in Western Society, pp. 251, 254, 351, 359, 366.

6 Watney, J. Beer is Best, p. 16.

7 Chafetz, M. Liquor. The Servant of Man, p. 223.