Women and Temperance: Essential for Establishing Prohibition

women and temperance

Women and temperance were closely linked. The temperance movement relied heavily on their enthusiastic support. And they were essential to the establishment of National Prohibition (1920-1933). I.  Martha Washingtonians One of the earliest temperance groups was the Martha Washingtonians. Officially, it was the Ladies’ Temperance Benevolent Society. Temperance activists formed it in 1841. Women who …

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Martha Washingtonians: Ladies’ Temperance Benevolent Society

Martha Washingtonians

People tended to call the the Ladies’ Temperance Benevolent Society the Martha Washingtonians. It rolls off the tongue so much easier. Six temperance activists, not all women, formed the Martha Washingtonians in New York City. They did so on May 12, 1841. Although not all of the organizers were women, only women could be members. …

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Independent Order of Good Samaritans & Daughters of Samaria

Order of Good Samaritans

Temperance activists formed the Independent Order of Good Samaritans in New York City in 1847. It admitted African-Americans to membership. Thus, it was the first fraternal group in the US “to recognize the humanity in man, no matter what his color.” The next year the Order admitted women. Then it became the Independent Order of …

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Alcohol Rations in US Military History (Early History)

alcohol rations

Alcohol rations in the both the army and the navy have a long history. Of course, they are based on English and European tradition. And alcohol rations have a long history there. For example, between 1655 and 1970, the British Navy issued a daily rum ration. It was a tot, or one-half pint I. Alcohol …

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The Anti-Canteen Law (It May not be What You Think)

anti-canteen

The army formed canteens or small restaurants during the 1880s. The canteens sold beer to soldiers. Its goal was to give an alternative to off-base saloons. Over time the temperance movement grew stronger. The Woman’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) led the fight to remove the sale of alcohol from canteens Not “Anti-Canteen” The so-called anti-canteen …

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